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      Shamrock exists as a trusted ally to enterprise IT leaders responsible for making the most difficult and sensitive decisions related to technology procurement.

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      Paul Cooney
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      CIO Review Awarded Shamrock as “20 Most Promising AWS Solution Providers” for 2019

      We are proud to announce that Shamrock has been recognized by CIO Review at one of the “20 Most Promising AWS Solution Providers” for 2019! Check out the article on how our AWS solutions are changing the game for IT decision makers around the globe.
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      Shamrock & Google Come Together to Talk Cloud Computing
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      Insight Success: Shamrock Consulting Group: The 10 Most Innovative Telecom Solution Providers 2018
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        • cdc-wide-v2Cloud Direct Connect

          Connect From Any Location To Any Cloud.

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        • cloud-security-1000×500(2)Cloud Security

          Whether your company is premise-based, in a private cloud, hybrid cloud, or multi-cloud, Shamrock has you covered. We will help you secure and easily monitor your corporate environment in real-time.

          An industry leader in corporate security

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          • aws-plat-v2

            Whether you’re looking to migrate to AWS, better manage your current AWS environment, or expand your capabilities within AWS, Shamrock can help.

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            We’ll help you maximize your Azure experience and take your business to the next level by designing, deploying and managing scalable infrastructure and application-based solutions. We’ll even facilitate your migration from your on-prem or environment or from another cloud provider to Azure, in whatever capacity you choose.

            Shamrock is a Certified MS Azure Partner, offering expert consulting services at the guaranteed best price.

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            Google’s Partner Network is one of the most prestigious in the industry, and Shamrock is honored to be a part of it. As a Google Partner, Shamrock is your go-to resource for support in GCP. We provide free 24/7 US-based support, migration support, scalable solutions, cloud cost management and more within GCP, all for the guaranteed best price.

            Shamrock is the market leader in GCP cost reduction, GCP migration services, GCP Interconnect direct connects and much more.

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        • cloud-security-1000×500(2)Cloud Security

          Whether your company is premise-based, in a private cloud, hybrid cloud, or multi-cloud, Shamrock has you covered. We’ll help you secure and easily monitor your environment in real-time to ensure proactive protection of your corporate IT environment. Join our growing list of Fortune 500, Fortune 100 and Fortune 50 customers and see why Shamrock is an industry leader in corporate security.

          Join our growing list of Fortune 500 and see why Shamrock is an industry leader in corporate security.

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        • data-center-colocation-v2(1)Colocation

          We’ve been recognized as an industry leader in data center sourcing and procurement on a global scale. We represent every major data center operator both domestically and globally, so no matter the size, scope or area of your needs, we’ve got you covered. With over 1,200 major networks, enterprises, and business partners available for interconnection and traffic exchange via direct cross connects, peering and Ethernet services

          We Sell Data Center Space!

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        • cdc-wide-v2Cloud Direct Connect

          Shamrock is an industry leader in provisioning cloud direct connects from any business or data center location, anywhere in the world, at any speed (10 Mbps to 100Gbps).

          We’re also the exclusive solution provider for 100G cloud direct connects into Google Cloud Interconnect and AWS Direct Connect.

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        • tem-squareTelecom Expense Management (TEM)

          Our portfolio of services includes business process outsourcing (BPO), telecommunication audit, procurement advisory, and wireless expense management. We strive to produce sustained results for your organization.

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          Shamrock’s mobile cost management experts can help you drastically reduce your enterprise mobility costs without any provider or contract changes. Our technology uses patented algorithms and machine learning. The result: instant and tangible savings!

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          Shamrock Consulting provides Long Distance Services with cost-effective in-state, state-to-state, international and toll-free calling for businesses. International or Domestic Toll-Free Numbers, Conferencing Services, powerful cost-management options.

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        • ucaas-thumb-optUCaaS / Hosted PBX

          As industry-leading UCaaS consultants, Shamrock has negotiated direct partnerships with every major UCaaS provider to ensure that our clients receive the best possible solution at the best possible price. Guaranteed.

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        • 3-new-smallAnalog Line Consolidation

          Dynamically manage traffic pattern changes and get high-quality, reliable voice services that leverage your existing PBX investment. Pbx Service Providers, SIP Service, Pbx Pricing, Cloud Pbx and more.

          34% Average Cost Savings with Shamrock

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      • WAN Solutions
        • 2-new-1Broadband Aggregation

          The need to future proof your network has created an unprecedented demand for fiber to the premise. Dark Fiber, Fiber Ethernet, DS3, OC-x, Fixed Wireless (Microwave, lazer, WIMAX), Ethernet over Copper (EOC), T1, NxT1, Cable, DS, Shamrock Consulting Group has all of your options in one place.

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        • art2-1-new-smallInternet Access

          The need to future proof your network has created an unprecedented demand for fiber to the premise. Dark Fiber, Fiber Ethernet, DS3, OC-x, Fixed Wireless (Microwave, lazer, WIMAX), Ethernet over Copper (EOC), T1, NxT1, Cable, DS, Shamrock Consulting Group has all of your options in one place.

          Let's Start With Understanding Your Internet Access Options!

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        • art8-new-smallPrivate WAN (MPLS / VPLS)

          Global enterprises, financial institutions, the largest networks and the Internet’s foremost content companies trust us with what matters most to them—their information assets. Shamrock Consulting Group can design wide area networks for any size, any budget, anywhere.

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        • art3-new-smallDark Fiber

          We partner directly with every major Dark Fiber providers in the U.S., Europe and Asia-Pacific. We also work with cities and municipalities such as Los Angeles County, Orange County, the San Francisco Bay Area, New York City and elsewhere to find you the best possible solution at the guaranteed best price.

          Looking for fiber providers in your area?

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        • art7-new-smallSD-WAN

          As top-rated SD WAN consultants who partner directly with every leading SD WAN provider in the industry, Shamrock is committed to helping you make well-informed procurement decisions at the guaranteed best price. We offer a free consultation to identify the best solution for your needs and budget.

          Considering an SD-WAN solution for your company?

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      • Cybersecurity
        • crowd-strikeCrowdstrike EDR/MDR

          As a CrowdStrike partner, the Shamrock team as a whole are big fans of the company’s cloud native endpoint protection platform. But don’t take our word for it – we’ve had hundreds of customers using CrowdStrike tell us how much they love the platform, and many of them have said that they have no idea how they ever lived without it.

          Licensing discounts of up to 50 percent below market rates.

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        • penntesting-v2Penetration Testing

          We’ve formed deep partnerships with the most trustworthy cybersecurity vendors in the industry, and we guarantee the best price from every single one of them. Black, White & Gray Box Testing, Cloud Pentesting, Mobile & Web App Pentesting, Wireless Pentesting, Physical Pentesting, Client-Side Pentesting. In addition to pentesting, we can also help you out with next-generation firewalls, endpoint protection and corporate email security.
          Schedule Your Free Pentest Analysis.

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        • vulnerability-testingVulnerability Management

          We take a look at some great security solutions that achieve real time visibility into all aspects of a corporate network, even reaching the most remotely deployed endpoints. If you’re interested (and you probably should be), Shamrock Consulting Group can secure these cutting-edge tools for you at the best prices.

          We can offer the best prices on CrowdStrike products and can also provide a free security assessment.

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        • ngfwNGFW & Software Defined Perimeter

          How can companies be both agile and secure in these unprecedented times? For help with empowering your WFH teams with the tools and processes they need, speak to a Shamrock consultant today.

          Our strategic partners are comprised of the very best in the industry from a security standpoint (Trustwave, AlertLogic, CrowdStrike, Fortinet, PaloAlto, Carbon Black, etc.).

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        • cloud-security-smallCloud Security

          Whether your company is premise-based, in a private cloud, hybrid cloud, or multi-cloud, Shamrock has you covered. We’ll help you secure and easily monitor your environment in real-time to ensure proactive protection of your corporate IT environment.

          Join our growing list of Fortune 500 and see why Shamrock is an industry leader in corporate security.

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    • biotech-telecom-consulting-v2Biotech

      Safeguard Proprietary, Mission Critical Data Whether its R&D for a world changing innovation or straightforward emails to accounting, Shamrock provides a comprehensive suite of security services – including Managed Firewall, Intrusion Detection/Prevention, and Vulnerability Scanning – to ensure that your organization’s data is safeguarded and kept out of the wrong hands.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your Biotech Telecom Objectives!

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    • real-estate-construction-cloud-solutionsConstruction & Development

      Whether you are looking to increase network uptime, reduce operational expenses, or build a next generation global development company, Shamrock Consulting Group has turnkey solutions tailored to the needs of the Construction and Development industry at guaranteed best rates.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your Telecom Objectives for Construction & Development sites!

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    • finance-cloud-solutionsFinance

      Shamrock Consulting Group’s Financial Services practice offers customers robust custom architected network, cloud, data center, and unified communications solutions that provide the security, compliance, and uptime their organizations require to function on a day-to-day basis.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your Financial Organization's Telecom Objectives!

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    • healthcare-cloud-solutionsHealthcare

      Shamrock has cross-disciplinary knowledge of healthcare-specific IT apps. Shamrock has extensive rural network design and build experience. In addition to 100+ partners, Shamrock has experience, connections and industry tools to identify, design to, spec, procure and project manage complex multi-vendor deployments. Healthcare institutions, financial institutions, the largest networks and the Internet’s foremost content companies trust us with what matters most to them—their information assets.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your Healthcare Telecom Objectives!

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    • media-entertainment-cloud-solutionsMedia & Entertainment

      Whether you are looking to increase network uptime, reduce operational expenses, or build a next-generation global studio, Shamrock Consulting Group has turnkey solutions tailored to the needs of the Media and Entertainment industry at guaranteed best rates. Nobody delivers more connectivity solutions to Media and Entertainment companies than Shamrock Consulting Group!

      300+ Media and Entertainment Customers Served!

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    • retail-cloud-solutionsRetail / Restaurant

      Shamrock Consulting Group offers its retail customers the best-fit, access technologies at each of their sites to ensure complete coverage and uptime at low costs. We design solutions that provide PCI-compliant security for credit card transactions and support for data communications for key retail applications—including point-of-sale, back-office systems, training, and digital video surveillance.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your Retail Business Operational Objectives!

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    • saas-cloud-solutionsSAAS Providers

      Whether you are looking to increase network uptime, reduce operational expenses, or build a next generation global Software as a Service Platform, Shamrock Consulting Group has turnkey solutions tailored to the needs of the SaaS Industry at guaranteed best rates. Low, Mid, and High-density data center options with robust connectivity options to extend service coverage all over the globe.

      Let's Start With Understanding Your SAAS Objectives!

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Know Thy Enemy – Most Common Types of Malware & Password Attacks

Types of Malware

In the previous posts here, we talked about Main Types of Cyber Threats and Common Types of Cyber Threats with Examples. In this article, we are going to talk about Most Common Types of Malware and Password Threats. Malware and web-based attacks comprise some of the most damaging and expensive attacks with companies spending an average of US $2.4 million in defence. What’s more worrying is that recent data indicates 7 out of every 10 malware payloads were ransomware. With ransomware attacks increasing severely in 2020, this is bound to cause problems for organizations in the future. MacOS malware and mobile malware are on the rise too with the former witnessing an increase by about 165% and 98% of mobile malware targeting Android devices.

Despite the rising risk quotient, password hygiene and effective password management are yet to witness any significant improvement. 90% of internet users are worried about getting their password stolen or hacked. 53% continue to rely on their memory to manage passwords. And most significantly, 57% of people who have already been scammed in phishing attacks still haven’t changed their passwords. If you are worried about password security in your organization, consider implementing zero trust architecture for remote work security.

What is a cyber threat level?

The Cyber Threat Level Indicator helps you assess the current level of malicious cyber activity and estimates the potential/actual damage. The Cyber Threat Level Indicator has five levels of risk.

Cyber Threat Level Indicator

The two extremes of the Cyber Threat Level Indicator are red and green. Red labels show a severe risk of malicious activity that can have widespread negative impact such as system outages and/or permanent system compromises, or a crippling effect on critical infrastructure sectors. Green, on the other hand, shows a low risk or vulnerability to present threat. It generally means that the system cannot detect any unusual activity that may include a potential threat. Cloud Security Solutions offers an effective Cyber Threat Level Indicator to help you accurately assess risks.

What is Malware?

Malware is a general term used for indicating software designed to infiltrate other systems, such as, any programmable device, service or network and cause serious damage to computer systems and data. Malware is typically used for data extraction that can be sold or leveraged by cyber criminals for their own agendas including financial gain. All data is valuable with personally identifiable information, financial data, healthcare records, and credentials often being targeted as the most valuable forms of data.

Types of Malware and spyware attack

Trojan Attacks

Trojans appear and behave as legitimate files or applications in the user system and dupes people into downloading and executing the malware. Trojans are used for causing significant damage to your network or to steal valuable organizational data.

Adware Attacks

Adware is a type of malware that is used to continuously show unwanted advertisements to unsuspecting users. This kind of malware is more of a nuisance when it comes to using the system and often involves highly distracting advertisements and pop-ups whenever the user tries to execute commands on the system. Users often unwittingly install adware when they try to access programs or services without paying for it.

Ransomware Attacks

Ransomware is currently the most common form of attack and involves encrypting files on your device or rendering them inaccessible. Files encrypted using this kind of malware can be decrypted using a key. Criminals tend to demand significant ransom in exchange for not releasing or selling the data and providing the key to decrypt it.

Malvertising Attacks

Malicious advertising or malvertising involves embedding malicious code in legitimate advertisements. This kind of attack can take place without the user actually doing anything. Malicious advertising typically involves cybercriminals purchasing legitimate advertising space on legitimate websites, and inserting malicious code within the ad.

Back Door Attacks

Just as the name suggests, a backdoor attack creates the back door into an organization’s network while bypassing normal authentication procedures required to access the system. This enables cyber criminals to remotely access valuable organizational resources, such as databases and file servers, that they can then modify to issue system commands and update malware.

Exploit kits Attacks

These malicious toolkits are used to scan for vulnerabilities on a target’s computer or mobile device. When the kit detects a vulnerability,it exploits the vulnerability to inject malware into the user system. This kind of malware is the reason why security experts insist on implementing software patches as soon as they are made available.

Drive-by downloads Attacks

A drive-by-download is another form of malware that does not require user interaction in order to get executed. These downloads happen automatically when a user visits a malicious website embedded with an exploit kit. The kit quickly assesses the potential vulnerabilities in the browser to inject malware via one.

Fileless malware Attacks

This kind of malicious software makes use of legitimate programs to infect a computer. Fileless malware registry attacks are harder to protect against as this kind of attack leaves no malware files to scan and no malicious processes to detect. This makes it very hard to detect and remove.

Worms Attacks

Worm attacks are capable of spreading copies of itself from system to system without any need for user interaction. Worm attacks do not even need to be embedded in a software program to be executed.

Password Attack

The Verizon 2019 Data Breaches report found that 29% of all the breaches involved the use of stolen credentials. Recent data suggests that 63% of all organizational internal data breach is a result of compromised usernames and passwords. 65% of companies continue to have over 500 users who have never been asked to change their passwords and 69% of small businesses do not strictly enforce password policies. Data from 2020 indicated that 500,000 stolen Zoom passwords were available for sale in dark web crime forums. The ubiquitous nature of password attacks and phishing attacks have now pushed companies to move towards non-password logins using biometric or other such data for access. Listed below are some of the most common forms of password attacks prevalent today.

Password attack

Types of Password Attacks

Brute-force password guessing Attacks

This kind of password attack involves malicious actors making numerous automated attempts at guessing the password to gain access. Trying all possible letter-number variations takes time. This makes it necessary for hackers to use criteria to shorten the list of odds. This can involve trying with common or short passwords or using a list of provider-specific criteria (like the minimum number of characters accepted).

Dictionary attacks

A dictionary attack makes use of commonly used words and phrases, and often-used passwords. Malicious actors often try to Metal down the scope of potential passwords with commonly used names of pets, movie characters and people. They could also try variants with numbers and special characters to try and force their way to the correct password.

Keylogger Attacks

Keylogger attacks make use of spyware that log the user’s keyboard strokes. This kind of attack is commonly used for stealing anything from passwords to credit card numbers. Keylogger attacks don’t just record the username and password but also make a note of the website where the credentials are used. These can be deployed using either hardware or software. Software keyloggers are more common as users can easily be manipulated to click on a link that contains the spyware. Keyloggers can also form a package with software downloaded from the Internet.

Credential Stuffing Attacks

Credential stuffing exploits an unfortunately popular user behavior, i.e. using the same password for multiple accounts across websites. This kind of attack also capitalizes on the fact that past breaches have already compromised an astounding number of credentials. Keep in mind that a single breach at a major provider (business/ service) can result in a compromise of millions of credentials. Credential stuffing attacks use the stolen passwords to check to see if any of them are still active on particular websites. This kind of attack also employs automation techniques that makes it incredibly effective.

Traffic Interception Attacks

Traffic interception, a variation on the man-in-the-middle attack, involves the threat actors eavesdropping on network traffic to monitor and capture data. A common way of doing that is through unsecured Wi-Fi connections or connections that don’t use encryption, such as HTTP. Even SSL traffic is vulnerable. For example, a hacker can use a man-in-the-middle attack in what’s called SSL hijacking. SSL hijacking is when someone tries to connect to a secure website, and the attacker creates a bridge of sorts between the user and the intended destination and intercepts any information passing between the two, such as passwords.

Password Spraying Attacks

Password spraying attacks typically make use of a hit or miss approach in using a variety of common passwords on a small number of user accounts. This kind of attack is very popular in targeting single sign-on or cloud-based accounts. This kind of attack takes a lot of caution as multiple failed login attempts can lock the account the hackers are trying to access. This is achieved through distributing all login attempts across multiple users and organizations.

Rainbow Table Attacks

Login credentials of users are automatically hashed on most websites. Hashing is the process that converts and encrypts passwords to a set of cryptographic sequences of characters that are stored on the website’s database. From then on, every time that the user tries to logon to the system, the entered credentials are hashed and matched with those stored in the database. Rainbow table attacks are similar to dictionary attacks but make use of a rainbow table with pre-computed hash functions and their hashed values. This enables hackers to compare values against this table and use them to decrypt the passwords in the company database. Rainbow tables for common hashing algorithms are available on the dark web, or can be created with hacking tools like Rainbow Crack and Ophcrack.

Ben Ferguson

Ben Ferguson is the Vice President and Senior Network Architect for Shamrock Consulting Group, an industry leader in digital transformation solutions. Since his departure from Biochemical research in 2004, Ben has built core competencies around cloud direct connects and cloud cost reduction, enterprise wide area network architecture, high density data center deployments, cybersecurity and Voice over IP telephony. Ben has designed hundreds of complex networks for some of the largest companies in the world and he’s helped Shamrock become a top partner of the 3 largest public cloud platforms for AWS, Azure and GCP consulting. When he takes the occasional break from designing networks, he enjoys surfing, golf, working out, trying new restaurants and spending time with his wife, Linsey, his son, Weston and his dog, Hamilton.

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